The Importance of Aquarium Plants
Plants are more than just a decorative addition to your aquarium. They play an
important part maintaining the correct environment for your fish to thrive.
During the day plants produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide produced by the
fish in your tank. At night this process is reversed. At nighttime the plants
take up oxygen and produce carbon dioxide.
Plants also play a major part in the breakdown of the waste products produced by
your fish by acting as natural filters to keep the aquarium environment healthy.
Aquarium plants produce oxygen with the help of green pigment called
chlorophyll. Like all plants (land and aquatic) sunlight is used as a source of
energy. The green parts of the plant use energy from sunlight to make the
carbohydrates from water and carbon dioxide. This process is known as
photosynthesis, and produces
oxygen as a “byproduct.”
In fact all oxygen on earth is produced this way. Without plants life on this
planet could not exist.
Other Important Aspects of Plants
- In an aquarium plants help clean the water by absorbing waste materials
introduced by the fish and the fish food.
- Healthy plants give off small amounts of oxygen in their root area which
prevents the bottom from decaying.
- Exterior and small algae which settle on the plants are also helping to
clean the water.
Aquatic plants have adapted to their environment in an intriguing way.
They have developed a system of cavities that run through the entire plant.
These cavities are filled with air to help the plant maintain buoyancy. That way
the plant is supported by the water and needs far less support tissue than its
The upper surfaces of leaves that are turned toward the light are usually
brighter green in color than the undersides of the leaves because it is the
upper side which contains the chlorophyll.
Aquatic plants are permanently submerged so their leaves can be thin and
delicate. Aquatic plants are also capable of absorbing gases and nutrients
directly from the water. For many species the roots are mere clamping organs.
Of course aquatic plants need to have sufficient light and warmth and are
naturally dependant on the quality of their primary element -- water.
We will dig a little deeper into the
matter of plants in the
For more information about other services and products choose from one of the following links: